What is Parkinson’s disease?
Parkinson’s is a disease that affects the dopamine-producing neurons located in a particular region of our brain known as the substantia nigra. During the early stages, the tremors are hardly noticeable, but they gradually tend to increase over a period, if they are left neglected. Not all individuals diagnosed with the disease experience all the symptoms, and the symptoms also vary in the form of severity and progression.
Many of our simple daily tasks are also affected due to this disease such as; our ability to walk, talk, and even sleep if the disease isn’t addressed during its early stages.
Being aware of what you need to look out for, can help you control this disease successfully.
Here are some early signs of Parkinson’s disease:
- Movement: There may be a tremor in the hands.
- Coordination: A reduced sense of coordination and balance can cause people to drop items they are holding. They may be more likely to fall.
- Gait: The person’s posture may change so that they lean forward slightly as if they were hurrying. They may also develop a shuffling gait.
- Facial expression: This can become fixed, due to changes in the nerves that control facial muscles.
- Voice: There may be a tremor in the voice, or the person may speak more softly than before.
- Handwriting: This may become more cramped and smaller.
- Sense of smell: A loss of sense of smell can be an early sign.
- Sleep problems: These are a feature of Parkinson’s, and they may be an early sign. Restless legs may contribute to this.
Other common symptoms include:
- mood changes, including depression
- difficulty chewing and swallowing
- problems with urination
- skin problems
- sleep problems
REM sleep disorder: Authors of a study published in 2015 describe another neurological condition, REM sleep disorder, as a “powerful predictor” for Parkinson’s disease and some other neurological conditions.
Causes and risk factors
Low dopamine levels: Scientists have linked low or falling levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, with Parkinson’s disease. This happens when cells that produce dopamine die in the brain.
Dopamine plays a role in sending messages to the part of the brain that controls movement and coordination. Low dopamine levels can make it harder for people to control their movements.
As dopamine levels fall in a person with Parkinson’s disease, their symptoms gradually become more severe.
Low norepinephrine levels: Norepinephrine, another neurotransmitter, is important for controlling many automatic body functions, such as the circulation of the blood.
In Parkinson’s disease, the nerve endings that produce this neurotransmitter die. This may explain why people with Parkinson’s disease experience not only movement problems but also fatigue, constipation, and orthostatic hypotension, when blood pressure changes on standing up, leading to light-headedness.
Lewy bodies: A person with Parkinson’s disease may have clumps of protein in their brain known as Lewy bodies. Lewy body dementia is a different condition, but it has links with Parkinson’s disease.
Genetic factors: Sometimes, Parkinson’s disease appears to run in families, but it is not always hereditary. Researchers are trying to identify specific genetic factors that may lead to Parkinson’s disease, but it appears that not one but a number of factors are responsible.
For this reason, they suspect that a combination of genetic and environmental factors may lead to the condition.
Possible environmental factors could include exposure to toxins, such as pesticides, solvents, metals, and other pollutants.
Autoimmune factors: Scientists reported in JAMA in 2017 that they had found evidence of a possible genetic link between Parkinson’s disease and autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis.
In 2018, researchers investigating health records in Taiwan found that people with autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) had a 1.37-higher chance of also having Parkinson’s disease than people without ARD.
Medicinal Herbs & Ingredients that are Helpful in Parkinson's Disease
Tagar is known as Indian Valerian in English. Its botanical name is Valeriana wallichii. It is indigenous to India and is mainly found in temperate Himalayan regions. The actions, and uses of Indian Valerian are comparable to those of Valerian (Valeriana officinalis). Valerian is a folk medicine used for nervous disorders and as a sleep aid. It is also used as a general tonic. It acts as a sedative, hypnotic, carminative, and hypotensive, and indicated its use in sleeplessness, headaches, migraine, joint pain, rheumatic pain, cramps, etc.
Nagarmotha is extremely useful in managing skin problems. It has a lot of skin benefitting properties. It prevents the skin from infections and helps cure itchiness and dry skin. It also helps to maintain fair skin. Nagarmotha has a pungent, bitter-sweet flavor that has the ability to relieve spasms and pain mainly on the digestive system. The root powder of Nagarmotha increases your appetite and the pungent aroma helps to cure indigestion. Nagarmotha has been used in the treatment of high blood sugar for ages. It helps block the excess sugar from getting absorbed by the body. Thus, it manages high blood sugar levels. Nagarmotha has anti-obesity properties. Regular consumption of this powder reduces the accumulation of fat in the body and helps reduce obesity. It also burns and improves the process of fat metabolism.
Jatamansi is useful to manage the symptoms of anxiety. According to Ayurveda, Vata governs all the movement and actions of the body and nervous system respectively. Anxiety is mainly due to Vata imbalance. Jatamansi helps to reduce the symptoms of anxiety. This is due to its property of Tridosha balancing and a unique Medhya (improve intelligence) effect. Jatamansi is useful to induce sound sleep. According to Ayurveda, an aggravated Vata dosha makes the nervous system sensitive which leads to Anidra (insomnia). Jatamansi calms the nervous system due to its Tridosha balancing property. It helps in sound sleep because of its unique Nidrajanana (sleep-inducing) effect. Jatamansi helps in managing the symptoms of memory loss when used on a regular basis. According to Ayurveda, the nervous system is controlled by Vata. An imbalance of Vata leads to weak memory or poor mental alertness. Jatamansi is useful to enhance memory and gives instant mental alertness. This is due to its Tridosa balancing and Medhya (improve intelligence) properties.
Brahmi contains proteins that are good antioxidants. Antioxidants protect against cell damage caused by free radicals, known as oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has been linked to diseases of heart, cancer, arthritis, stroke, respiratory diseases, immune deficiency, other inflammatory conditions, etc. Thus, Brahmi protects us from a variety of diseases of different organ systems. Too much anxiety, fear, and stress for a prolonged time can drastically affect our physical and mental health. It can lead to several anxiety disorders like panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, etc. Brahmi is used as a nerve tonic by Ayurvedic practitioners for since long. Consumption of Brahmi was found to be effective in reducing the level of anxiety and associated symptoms. Brahmi is also found to significantly reduce stress levels. Alzheimer’s is a neurodegenerative disease associated with loss of memory. Brahmi was found to be neuro-protective and effective in Alzheimer’s disease and other diseases with cognitive impairment. Brahmi improves our brain functioning and enhances both short-term and long-term memory. Sleep is extremely essential for physical and mental relaxation and rejuvenates us. The fast-paced life, stress, unhealthy eating, and sleeping habits disturb our sleep pattern, leading to insomnia and other sleep disorders. Consumption of Brahmi calms us. It effectively reduces stress and anxiety. Brahmi at bedtime induces sleep and is helpful in insomnia. Brahmi is a wonder herb known to enhance intelligence. It increases alertness and concentration. It also improves memory.
Kaunch or Cowhage is widely known as “The magic velvet bean”. It is a leguminous plant and is a good source of protein. Kaunch increases sexual desire as well as the quality and quantity of sperm due to its aphrodisiac property. It helps in the management of nervous disorders like Parkinson’s disease and controls the symptoms of arthritis. The most effective way of consuming Kaunch powder is with milk. It might also help reduce the risk of breast cancer
Ashwagandha is an ancient medicinal herb. It can reduce blood sugar levels. It has anti-cancer properties. It reduces cortisol levels. It may help reduce stress and anxiety. It reduces symptoms of depression. It can boost testosterone and increase fertility in men. It may increase muscle mass and strength.
Pippali roots relieve inflammations, edema, and restores the structures of the body to normalcy, improves appetite, and relieves flatulence. It is stomachic, digestive, pungent, hot, and very useful for digesting food, bile producing, and laxative.
The potent aphrodisiac properties of Jaiphal are proven to stimulate the nerves in the brain and was used extensively as a brain tonic by the Greeks and Romans. The essential oil is effective in alleviating stress by treating depression and anxiety. The adaptogen nature of nutmeg powder works both as a stimulant and a sedative. Furthermore, notable aphrodisiac properties enhance libido and improve sexual health and vigor. Also, Read Medhya Rasayana: Benefits Of These Incredible Ayurvedic Herbs To Improve Cognitive Abilities. Inflammation is associated with an increased risk of adverse health problems like heart disease, diabetes, and arthritis. The richness of potent anti-inflammatory compounds monoterpenes, sabinene, terpineol, and pinene lowers inflammation by hindering the action of the inflammatory enzyme. Jaiphal powder comprises essential volatile oils like myristicin, elemicin, eugenol, and safrole with powerful anti-inflammatory properties is well-known to ease muscle and joints pain and lessen swelling. The impressive antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of Jaiphal powder are valuable in uplifting the skin’s natural glow and radiance. The cleansing property wards off blackheads treats acne and unclogs the pores. The bioactive compounds malignant in Jaiphal powder aids in slowing down premature aging and oil is well-known for its skin rejuvenating properties.
Medicines we provide at Xovak Pharma
Xovak Pharma Parkinson’s is co-related with kampavata in Ayurveda. In old age, Vata dosha is more predominant in the body. This vata relocates into the brain and dries up the brain cells leading to tremors and instability.
Parkinson’s disease reflects massive vitiation of Vata which occupies almost all channels of the body. Weak digestive fire, disturbed digestion, and presence of toxins (ama) are generally observed in the patient at gastrointestinal as well as cellular levels, which provide a conducive environment for vitiation of Vata.
Natural Ayurvedic home remedies and herbs for digestion along with nerve tonics are administered to restore digestive function both in the gastrointestinal tract and at a cellular level. Specific diets and regimen are advised. Parkinson’s disease treatment in Ayurveda provides special Neuro-Rasayanas which stimulate neurotransmitters and helps in overcoming problems as well as relaxing the mind. As we know in today’s world it is almost impossible to get these types of ingredients together.
So we at Xovak Pharma have come up with a solution. We have launched a new Medicine for Parkinson’s named Parkikyor which includes Tagar, Nagarmoth, Jatamasi, Brahmi, Kaucha, Ashwagandha, Piper Mool, Jayfal. Xovak Pharma Parkikyor ayurvedic medicine improves the nervous systems in the body, relieves rigidity and nourishes the nervous system, improves posture balance & speech, improves mobility and function.